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Последние новости и исследования в области биомедицинских наук

02.04.2018
Текущий выпуск - 29 марта 2018 года.

В журнале рассматриваются темы:

Анатомия, Биомаркеры, Кардиология, Заболевания, Эндокринология, Гастроэнтерология, Здравоохранение, Профессии здравоохранения, Медицинские исследования, Молекулярная медицина, Нефрология, Неврология, Онкология, Патогенез, Ревматология, Факторы риска, Признаки и симптомы, Урология.

 

Содержание текущего выпуска  

Volume 555 Issue 7698, 29 March 2018

This Week
Editorials
Editorial | 27 March 2018
 
Cambridge Analytica controversy must spur researchers to update data ethics
A scandal over an academic’s use of Facebook data highlights the need for research scrutiny.
 
Editorial | 28 March 2018
 
On the use and abuse of ancient DNA
Researchers in several disciplines need to tread carefully over shared landscapes of the past.
 
Editorial | 26 March 2018
 
Mushrooms: coming soon to a burger near you
Mushroom–beef blends can tackle expanding waistlines and carbon footprints.
 
World View
World View | 15 March 2018
 
Drug executives should take a Hippocratic oath
The industry must earn patients’ trust that new medicines really are worth the price, says Bob More.
 
Bob More
Seven Days
Seven Days | 28 March 2018
 
Athlete brain bank, costly weather and science on social media
The week in science: 23–29 March 2018.
 
News In Focus
News
News | 27 March 2018
 
Pioneering Alzheimer’s study in Colombia zeroes in on enigmatic protein
Researchers tracking a genetic mutation that causes an early-onset form of the disease hope to uncover new drug targets.
 
Sara Reardon
News | 21 March 2018
 
Four-in-one 3D printer paves way for custom-made robots and phones
Experimental device is a route to printing smartphones and other electronics.
 
Mark Zastrow
News | 26 March 2018
 
Ocean scientists work to forecast huge plankton blooms in Arabian Sea
An operational forecast could help countries prepare for booms in these tiny marine creatures.
 
Jeff Tollefson
News | 22 March 2018
 
Reduced-calorie diet shows signs of slowing ageing in people
Most comprehensive study yet demonstrates that cutting people’s energy intake turns down their metabolism.
 
Alison Abbott
News | 20 March 2018
 
First space mission dedicated to exoplanet atmospheres gets green light
Scientists hope to learn what makes a ‘typical’ solar system from the European Space Agency’s €450-million probe.
 
Elizabeth Gibney
News | 22 March 2018
 
US science agencies set to win big in budget deal
Lawmakers are set to vote this week on legislation that includes significant funding increases for many science agencies.
 
Lauren Morello & Giorgia Guglielmi
Feature
News Feature | 28 March 2018
 
Divided by DNA: The uneasy relationship between archaeology and ancient genomics
Two fields in the midst of a technological revolution are struggling to reconcile their views of the past.
 
Ewen Callaway
Comment
Comment | 26 March 2018
 
Cybersecurity needs women
Safeguarding our lives online requires skills and experiences that lie beyond masculine stereotypes of the hacker and soldier, says Winifred R. Poster.
 
Winifred R. Poster
Books and Arts
Books & Arts | 27 March 2018
 
Freeman Dyson’s life of scientific delight
Ann Finkbeiner is charmed by the originality and acuity in the physicist’s letters.
 
Ann Finkbeiner
Books & Arts | 27 March 2018
 
Einstein, Bohr and the war over quantum theory
Ramin Skibba explores a history of unresolved questions beyond the Copenhagen interpretation.
 
Ramin Skibba
Books & Arts | 28 March 2018
 
How the world goes to work, revelations about microbes and the many faces of motherhood: Books in brief
Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week’s best science picks.
 
Barbara Kiser
Books & Arts | 28 March 2018
 
The ageless appeal of 2001: A Space Odyssey
Fifty years on, Arthur C. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick’s masterpiece looks more prophetic than ever, reflects Piers Bizony.
 
Piers Bizony
Correspondence
Correspondence | 28 March 2018
 
Critique of conflict and climate analysis is oversimplified
Peter H. Gleick, Stephan Lewandowsky & Colin Kelley
Correspondence | 28 March 2018
 
Climate change as a contributor to human conflict
Colin D. Butler & Ben J. Kefford
Correspondence | 28 March 2018
 
Details matter for contaminants in genetic-engineering kits
Nina Koehler, Armin Baiker & Ulrich Busch
Correspondence | 28 March 2018
 
Boost children’s digital intelligence to protect against online threats
Yuhyun Park
Correspondence | 28 March 2018
 
Conclusion of conflict and climate analysis questioned
Solomon Hsiang & Marshall Burke
Obituary
Obituary | 19 March 2018
 
John Sulston (1942–2018)
Nobel-prizewinning champion of the Human Genome Project and open data.
 
Georgina Ferry
Careers
Naturejobs
Career Feature | 28 March 2018
 
Why laughter in the lab can help your science
Science is serious business, but as April Fool’s Day looms, a judicious prank can lighten up life in the lab.
 
Amber Dance
Career Brief | 26 March 2018
 
More than one-third of graduate students report being depressed
Rates of anxiety and depression among PhD and master’s students exceed those in general public.
 
Career Brief | 28 March 2018
 
Women feature only rarely as first or last authors in leading journals
High impact factor linked with low proportion of female researchers in prominent authorship positions.
 
Futures
Futures | 28 March 2018
 
Starless night
Cold comfort.
 
Andrew Johnston
Specials
Spotlight
Spotlight | 28 March 2018
 
Swedish science bounces back
The country’s science sector took drug-firm shutdowns hard, but has diversified and is on the up.
 
Nic Fleming
Spotlight:
Spotlight on Sweden and Medicon Valley
Spotlight | 28 March 2018
 
Q&A: Elina Berglund on moving from physics to fertility
How one researcher put together an algorithm that can track fertility — and built a company on it.
 
Nic Fleming
Spotlight:
Spotlight on Sweden and Medicon Valley
Spotlight | 28 March 2018
 
How a bridge brought science closer together
A spirit of collaboration — and an engineering icon — have together supported the emergence of a major scientific hub.
 
Nic Fleming
Spotlight:
Spotlight on Sweden and Medicon Valley
Research
Brief Communications Arising
Brief Communications Arising | 28 March 2018
 
Is plasticity caused by single genes?
J. van Gestel & F. J. Weissing
Brief Communications Arising | 28 March 2018
 
Contesting the evidence for non-adaptive plasticity
François Mallard, Ana Marija Jakšić & Christian Schlötterer
Brief Communications Arising | 28 March 2018
 
Ghalambor et al. reply
Cameron K. Ghalambor, Kim L. Hoke[…] & Kimberly A. Hughes
News & Views
News & Views | 14 March 2018
 
A trio of ion channels takes the heat
Of the various temperature-sensitive ion channels identified previously, three have now been found to act in concert to detect painful heat and initiate protective reflexes.
 
Rose Z. Hill  & Diana M. Bautista
News & Views | 28 March 2018
 
Oceans on Mars formed early
The geometry of putative ancient shorelines on Mars suggests that these features were deformed by the growth of a massive volcanic region — a finding that has implications for the climate, geology and hydrology of early Mars.
 
Maria T. Zuber
News & Views | 28 March 2018
 
AI designs organic syntheses
Software that devises effective schemes for synthetic chemistry has depended on the input of rules from researchers. A system is now reported in which an artificial-intelligence program learns the rules for itself.
 
Derek Lowe
News & Views | 26 March 2018
 
Killer T cells show their kinder side
The immune system protects the body by responding to invading organisms. But how is an attack on useful resident microbes prevented? A pathway has now been identified that allows immune cells to sense and respond to beneficial bacteria.
 
Paul Klenerman & Graham Ogg
News & Views | 23 March 2018
 
Wing origami
Conventional origami-based techniques for structural design have a limited range of folding patterns. An approach inspired by the wings of earwigs produces structures that were not possible using previous methods.
 
Ryan Wilkinson
News & Views | 21 March 2018
 
The healthy diabetic cavefish conundrum
Some Mexican cavefish have a mutation in an insulin receptor protein that affects blood-glucose regulation. The same mutation causes diabetes and health problems in humans, but the diabetic cavefish thrive.
 
Sylvie Rétaux
News & Views | 21 February 2018
 
The tornadoes of sudden cardiac arrest
A clever combination of techniques has enabled, for the first time, simultaneous visualization of the 3D waves of electrical and mechanical activity that are responsible for many cases of sudden cardiac death.
 
José Jalife
News & Views | 27 March 2018
 
50 & 100 years ago
Articles
Article | 14 February 2018
 
A coherent spin–photon interface in silicon
A single spin in silicon is strongly coupled to a microwave-frequency photon and coherent single-spin dynamics are observed using circuit quantum electrodynamics.
 
X. Mi, M. Benito[…] & J. R. Petta
Article | 28 March 2018
 
Planning chemical syntheses with deep neural networks and symbolic AI
Deep neural networks and Monte Carlo tree search can plan chemical syntheses by training models on a huge database of published reactions; their predicted synthetic routes cannot be distinguished from those a human chemist would design.
 
Marwin H. S. Segler, Mike Preuss & Mark P. Waller
Article | 21 March 2018
 
De novo mutations in regulatory elements in neurodevelopmental disorders
Analysis of rare de novo mutations in gene regulatory elements suggests that 1–3% of patients with neurodevelopmental disorders carry such mutations in elements that are active in the fetal brain.
 
Patrick J. Short, Jeremy F. McRae[…] & Matthew E. Hurles
Article | 21 March 2018
 
Encoding of danger by parabrachial CGRP neurons
Single-cell recordings show that CGRP-expressing neurons in the parabrachial nucleus in mice respond to both noxious stimuli and signals of feeding satiety.
 
Carlos A. Campos, Anna J. Bowen[…] & Richard D. Palmiter
Article | 19 March 2018
 
Extensive impact of non-antibiotic drugs on human gut bacteria
A screen of more than 1,000 drugs shows that about a quarter of the non-antibiotic drugs inhibit the growth of at least one commensal bacterial strain in vitro.
 
Lisa Maier, Mihaela Pruteanu[…] & Athanasios Typas

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